Water Well & Septic System Health

Typically, groundwater is naturally clean and safe for consumption. Because the overlying soil acts as a filter, groundwater is usually free of disease-causing microorganisms. However, contamination may occur following improper installation of well casings or caps, after a break in the casing or as a result of contaminated surface water entering the well. Contamination can also occur if wells are drilled in fractured bedrock without an adequate layer of protective soil and with less than the recommended minimum casing length.

In order to prevent illness, wells should be properly maintained and the water regularly tested for the presence of microbial contaminants. Well water should also be tested occasionally for possible inorganic and organic chemical contaminants.

Water sampling containers can be picked up at the public health offices closest to you.

For more information visit AHS online:

*Only drinking water used by people will be tested. Samples collected for real estate, agricultural or commercial purposes will not be accepted or tested.

Temporary contamination of a well water supply, or problems with colour or odour, may be eliminated by shock chlorinating the well.

Private water well owners in Alberta are responsible for managing and maintaining their water wells. The Working Well program provides well owners with the information and tools they need to properly care for their wells.

Contact AEPA for all water well concerns and AER if it relates to the Oil & Gas Sector.

Septic Systems are an important part of any rural property, particularly in Mountain View County where this are no community based wastewater systems.

Learn more about Septic Systems:

Learn all the latest information on Septic Systems and proper maintenance based on provincial environmental regulations.